Reputation management (sometimes referred to as rep management or ORM) is the practice of attempting to shape public perception of a person or organization by influencing information about that entity, primarily online
Online Reputation Management (ORM) is the act of monitoring, addressing or mitigating SERPs (search engine result pages) or mentions in online media and Web content. It is of great importance to companies to monitor how someone or something is perceived based on an internet search. As the amount of user-generated content on the internet grows, it began to affect internet search results more meaningfully, and the desire to change those results naturally followed.
Good public relations, can translate into increased sales, personal career advancement, or just general social acceptability. Being mentioned in social media can be a threat if there is criticism, but can also generate benefits if such criticisms are reversed. The material monitored can include both professional journalism and user-created content.